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Discovery of a metallic-blue tarantula bolsters case for trade protection

first_imgBiodiversity, Cites, Conservation, Endangered Species, Environment, Pet Trade, Wildlife Trafficking Citation: Nanayakkara, R. P., Sumanapala, A. P., & Kirk, P. (2019). Another from Sri Lanka, after 126 years; Chilobrachys jonitriantisvansicklei Sp. nov. (Araneae: Theraphosidae) from a fragmented forest patch in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. British Tarantula Society Journal, 34(2), 25-36. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Banner image of Chilobrachys jonitriantisvansicklei, a shiny metallic-blue tarantula from a fragmented wet zone forest patch in western Sri Lanka, courtesy of Amila Prasanna Sumanapala.center_img Article published by dilrukshi A shiny, metallic-blue tarantula is Sri Lanka’s latest addition to the Indian Ocean island’s list of spiders, a new study reveals.The discovery comes as a global summit on wildlife trade takes place in Geneva, where Sri Lanka is calling for enhanced protection of tarantulas from the exotic pet trade.Researchers identify habitat loss and the pet trade as the biggest threats to tarantulas in the wild, and call for strict enforcement of laws against smuggling of species. Researchers in Sri Lanka have described an eye-catching new species of tarantula, in a discovery they hope will underscore ongoing efforts to better regulate the global trade of rare and exotic spiders.Chilobrachys jonitriantisvansicklei was described from a patch of forest spanning just 347 hectares (857 acres), an area about the size of New York City’s Central Park, in the western district of Kalutara. The researchers found it by chance while conducting a more general study on spiders, they write in a paper published in the British Tarantula Society Journal. They named the new species after Joni Triantis Van Sickle, the co-founder of the Colorado-based conservation NGO Idea Wild.The new species is only the second from the genus Chilobrachys known from Sri Lanka, and comes 126 years after the discovery of the type species, C. nitelinus. It’s also distinct from the 26 other known Chilobrachys tarantulas, found across South and East Asia and which tend to be brown, black or gray, lacking vibrant colors or sheens on their dorsal surface, the researchers say.“The collected specimen on the other hand has a metallic turquoise-blue sheen on all four legs and also an iridescent sheen on the carapace and abdomen,” they write in the paper.Yet it’s that exotic appearance that conservationists identify as possibly the biggest threat to its survival. A dearth of research into Sri Lanka’s endemic spiders has allowed their collection from the wild and into the global pet trade to go largely unchecked, according to Samantha Gunasekera, a former deputy director of the biodiversity unit at the country’s customs department.Various tarantula species from around the island are smuggled out to be sold for between $50 and $400 to pet collectors, a practice identified by both customs and police departments as a “persistent problem.”Sumanapala, from the University of Colombo, surveys Sri Lanka’s endemic species. Image courtesy of Dilani Rachitra.According to Amila Prasanna Sumanapala, a researcher at the University of Colombo and co-author of the new study, Sri Lanka has sufficient legislation to ensure species conservation; what’s lacking, however, is enforcement to crack down on the persistent trafficking of protected species into the illicit pet trade.The discovery of C. jonitriantisvansicklei therefore comes at the right time to highlight the need for improved protection for tarantulas from the global wildlife trade, as the summit of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) takes place in Geneva.“The international summit has created platform for discussion on spider conservation,” Sumanapala told Mongabay. “Tarantulas like the newly discovered species need more conservation efforts, as they are traded for their charisma. Same with trading of [venomous] snakes. There is the thrill of keeping as domestic pets species otherwise considered dangerous.”Sri Lanka and the U.S. are currently proposing more stringent trade regulations for all tarantula species in the genus Poecilotheria, also known as tiger spiders, at the 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP18) to CITES, which runs from Aug. 17 to 28. Prop 46, as it’s known, seeks to have all 15 Poecilotheria species, five of which are found only in Sri Lanka, listed in CITES Appendix II, as they’re considered vulnerable due to extensive collection from the wild to be traded as pets. While inclusion in Appendix II wouldn’t prohibit their trade, it would make it more tightly regulated, including requiring export permits as well as studies to show that the trade would not be detrimental to the species’ continued survival in the wild.Sumanapala said it was also important to protect the habitats in which these spiders are found, many of which are vulnerable to human incursion and deforestation.“To conserve these species, what we need is rainforest conservation,” he said.The tarantula emerges from its burrow in a wet zone forest patch. Image courtesy of Amila Prasanna Sumanapala.He also called for more sweeping measures that would protect not just tiger spiders but all tarantulas (family Theraphosidae), including the newly described C. jonitriantisvansicklei, and thousands of other species under the infraorder Mygalomorphae.“The inclusion of mygalomorph spiders in the Fauna and Flora Protection Ordinance of Sri Lanka, and the subsequent listing in CITES … will help ensure protection to the new species and other mygalomorph spiders in Sri Lanka,” the researchers conclude in their paper.last_img read more

GRA to seek Police help to hunt 41,000 errant drivers

first_imgExpired road licencesA senior official within the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA) has confirmed that the tax agency is soon expected to make contact with the top brass of the Guyana Police Force in an effort to find some 41,000 drivers that are holders of expired road service licences.GRA headquarters“We are having conversations with the Traffic Chief (Ramesh Ashram), because what happens is: every year, drivers are expected to renew this licence, and we have found a number of drivers with expired licences,” the GRA official said.Traffic Chief Ramesh AshramWhile staff members of the GRA were running the usual checks on drivers, the discovery of numerous drivers with expired road service licences was reportedly made. Persons without road service licences, which expire yearly, would be contacted via letter, but other measures would be taken if those drivers fail to adhere to the call.The Traffic Chief said on Monday evening that he had not yet received word from the GRA. He noted that in such situations the Police Force would first serve notice to the drivers, and would then launch a campaign to find those drivers, using their motor vehicle registration numbers.last_img read more

‘Second chance’ for SA’s matrics

first_img12 January 2010Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga has urged all learners who did not succeed in the 2009 matric examinations to try again and register for the supplementary exams.“We do not always succeed the first time round, there is always a second chance, make use of those chances through hard work and commitment,” Motshekga said.The learners must apply for registration at the school or centre where they sat for the 2009 end of year examinations. Learners must register for supplementary exams, which start on 15 February, by no later than 22 January.QualificationLearners who may register for supplementary exams include those who have not met the minimum promotion and certification requirements in the final external examination and those who were medically unfit and as a result, were absent from one or more external examinations.Those who were medically unfit to write the exams need to provide documentary proof substantiating the reason for absenteeism at their registration centre to ensure entry to the supplementary examination.Candidates who could not write the exams due to a death in their immediate family or there were other special reasons for absence can also write the supplementary exams, but need to provide documentary proof substantiating the reason for absenteeism at the registration centre to ensure entry to the supplementary examination.In a case where an irregularity is being investigated, provisional enrolment for the supplementary examination may be granted to the candidate concerned, pending the outcome of the investigation.Toll-free numberLearners who are still unsure whether they qualify to write supplementary examinations have been advised to ask their school principals or contact the department’s toll-free number 0800 202 933.The closing date for applications for reviewing, re-marking and re-checking is 22 January and no late applications will be processed.The department noted that the reviewing of scripts can only take place seven days after release of re-mark or re-check results.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

When is the best time to apply N to wheat?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest For any N application the question to ask is, “When does the crop need N?” Wheat does not require large amounts of N until stem elongation/jointing (Feekes Growth Stage 6), which is the middle or the end of April depending on the location in the state and spring temperatures. Ohio research has shown no yield benefit from applications made prior to this time period. Soil organic matter and/or N applied at planting generally provide sufficient N for early growth until stem elongation.Nitrogen applied prior to rapid utilization has the potential to be lost and unavailable for the crop. Nitrogen source will also affect the potential for loss. Urea-ammonium nitrate (28%) has the greatest potential for loss, ammonium sulfate the least, and urea would be somewhere between the two other sources.Ohio research has shown that yield losses may occur from N applied prior to green-up regardless of the N source. The level of loss depends on the year (losses would be smaller if the ground is not frozen or snow/ice covered). This same research did not observe a yield increase from applications made prior to green-up compared to green-up or Feekes Growth Stage 6 applications.  Keep in mind that green-up is a descriptive, relative term and not a definable growth stage. Our definition of green-up is when the new growth of spring has covered the dead tissue from winter giving the field a solid green color – thus, growing plants.There is a legitimate concern that wet weather may prevent application of N at early stem elongation. Ohio research has shown a yield decrease may occur when N application is delayed until Feekes Growth Stage 9 (early boot). Thus a practical compromise is to topdress N any time fields are suitable for application after initial green-up to early stem elongation. There is still a potential for loss even at green-up applications. To lessen this risk a producer may want to use a N source that has a lower potential for loss such as urea or ammonium sulfate. ESN (polymer-coated urea) would be another option but it needs to be blended with urea or ammonium sulfate to insure enough N will be available for the crop between Feekes GS 6 – 9. The source of N becomes less important as the application date approaches stem elongation. The percentage of urea and/or ammonium sulfate would need to be increased with ESN for application times closer to Feekes GS 6.A split application of N may also be used to spread the risk of N loss and to improve N efficiency; however, Ohio State University research has not shown a yield increase from this practice. The first application should be applied no sooner than green-up. A smaller rate should be applied with the first application since little is needed by the crop at that time and the larger rate applied closer to Feekes GS 6.In summary, a producer may get away with applying N prior to green-up on wheat. However university data has not shown a yield advantage for these early applications, but results have shown in certain years a major N loss and yield reduction from applications prior to green-up. Why take the risk, just wait until green-up; the wheat does not need most of the N until April and May anyway.last_img read more

The Top 100 Search Terms Queried by Kids

first_imgSecurity firm Symantec has identified the top 100 searches conducted by children online. Popular items in the list include some expected entries like YouTube, Facebook, and MySpace as well as queries for popular pop idols like Michael Jackson and Miley Cyrus. However, what’s surprising about the children’s list is how similar it looks to that of any other online adult – something which seems to imply that our online activities aren’t all that age dependent after all. Trend #1: Some Search Terms are All Grown UpOnline websites like YouTube, eBay, Craigslist, Facebook, and MySpace were popular online searches performed by children. YouTube actually ended up in three spots. Not only was the query “YouTube” the number one search term, it also landed spots 11 and 12 with “You Tube” and “YouTube.com” respectively. Actually, YouTube also earned spot #9 as well, if you count the query for “Fred,” a popular fictional character whose YouTube channel is a current big hit with kids. While there are a lot of indications that this is, indeed, a children’s list thanks to searches for pop stars, games, music, and the phenomenon that is “Twilight,” there are also a lot of similarities between this list and the one which you might expect to see if adult searches were culled in the same manner. The most shocking example of these similarities comes in at number 6: “porn.” Ranking higher than the other innocent entries like Club Penguin (#22) and the online world of Webkinz (#16), it seems that kids, too, are drawn to this darker side of the internet. And “porn” isn’t the only sexual term to make the list. Spots 4, 28, 72, 86, 88, 89, 91, 92, 94, and 95 also refer to queries for…well…lets say “various parts of the human anatomy” or other general search sex-related terms like “XXX.” Of course, this list may not be entirely representative of what all children search for online as the data is pulled from OnlineFamily.Norton, a family safety service provided by Symantec. It’s possible that parents who chose to implement this type of service in their home are already dealing with children who are using the internet for inappropriate searches and this is their attempt to stop those from occurring. However, the results are based on 3.5 million searches made between February and July of this year, which is too large a number to entirely discount the findings. Trend #2: Searching Instead of Entering URLsAnother somewhat unexpected insight gained by examining this data is the fact that kids are searching for easy-to-remember URLs including Facebook, MySpace, YouTube, Yahoo, MSN, and even Google. Why search when simply adding a “.com” on the end will take you directly there? Some may say that this points to children not entirely grasping the way internet addresses work, but it’s more likely an example of the trend where search has replaced typing in URLs for navigating the net. We made note of this trend back in May of last year when we noticed an advertisement suggesting we do a search for their company name instead of providing their URL. Apparently, this is already par-for-the-course in Japan, where search boxes filled with recommended terms have replaced URLs in advertisements. Then there’s Google’s Chrome web browser, the newest one to hit the scene, which has done away with the search box entirely in favor of an address bar which accepts both URLs and search queries (taking you to Google.com of course). It looks like today’s kids are onto this trend as well. The habits they’re forming now will most likely stay with them as they grow older, too, creating a whole new generation of searchers who forgo the “www’ and the “.com” entirely. Top SearchesThe top 10 searches on the kids’ list are as follows:1. YouTube2. Google 3. Facebook 4. Sex 5. MySpace 6. Porn 7. Yahoo 8. Michael Jackson 9. Fred 10. eBayFor the complete list, go here. Image credit: flickr user pixelrobber Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… sarah perez A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…center_img Related Posts Tags:#news#NYT#search#Trends#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

All About Washing Machines

first_imgAbout 82% of U.S. homes have a clothes washer. Each of these appliances is used, on average, to wash about 300 loads of laundry per year. On an annual basis, residential clothes washers use more energy than dishwashers but less than refrigerators.In recent years, appliance manufacturers have developed washing machines that use less water than older models. The average full-sized front-loading Energy Star clothes washer uses about 15 gallons of water per load — and some models use less than 12 gallons — compared to about 23 gallons per load for a top-loading clothes washer without an Energy Star label.Although there are a few exceptions, most clothes washers fall into one of two categories: they are either traditional top-loading (vertical-axis) models or newer, European style front-loading (horizontal-axis) models.Front-loading machines cost more than top-loading machines, but (on average) they perform much better:[Credit for bar graph: ACEEE]Because of these many advantages, front-loading washers have acquired a dramatically increased share of the market for residential clothes washers in recent years.In 2007, after testing new energy-efficient clothes washers, Consumer Reports magazine reported that some washing machines performed poorly — in other words, they didn’t get clothes very clean.Fortunately, the magazine’s latest article on clothes washers (August 2012) reported good news: the performance problems with the first generation of energy saving washers have been solved. The authors noted that “good cleaning, high efficiency, and large capacities are common features of the newest washers.”If you have a clothes washer, you probably realize that doing a load of laundry involves the use of one, two, or three energy-using appliances:According to many writers, the most important step you can take to reduce the energy used to do a load of laundry is to switch from hot-water washing to cold-water washing. While following that advice will still… Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.center_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Memberslast_img read more

Oval Test: Moeen Ali hat-trick seals England rout of South Africa

first_imgSpinner Moeen Ali finished off South Africa with a hat-trick as England completed a crushing 239-run victory in the third test at the Oval on Monday to move 2-1 ahead in the series.Moeen became the first England spinner to achieve a hat-trick in 79 years by dismissing centurion Dean Elgar, Kagiso Rabada and Morne Morkel soon after lunch in a dramatic end to the match.England had laboured to bowl out the South Africans in the morning as Elgar continued his gutsy knock, although Toby Roland-Jones continued his fine debut by dismissing Temba Bavuma and Vernon Philander with successive balls.Moeen finally ended Elgar’s dogged resistance for a 228-ball 136 and the spinner snapped up Rabada with the last ball of his over, both batsmen caught at slip by man-of-the-match Ben Stokes.Moeen completed his hat-trick with the first ball of his next over, although he had to wait for a review to confirm he had trapped Morkel lbw.The dismissal sparked wild scenes as the Oval celebrated its first test hat-track in its 100th match – and the first by an English spinner since Tom Goddard in 1938.”What a way to celebrate 100 tests,” said captain Joe Root. “The game was really won by the way we batted in the first innings. The lads got stuck in and got a really good score on what proved to be a really challenging surface.”The touring side, who began the day on 117-4, always knew history was against them, with a team starting the final day of a test four wickets down having secured draws only three times.advertisementFor a while it looked like Elgar and Bavuma had not read the script, however, as they increased their fifth-wicket partnership to 108 before Roland-Jones sparked the first flurry of wickets.The debutant seamer took his tally to eight in the match by snaring Bavuma (32) and Vernon Philander (0) lbw with full-length deliveries.With blue skies and little cloud cover, batting conditions proved the easiest of the match and Elgar looked untroubled in reaching his eighth test century and second against England.But the tourists suffered a further blow to the last ball before lunch when Moeen had Chris Morris caught in the slips by Stokes for 24.Suitably refreshed, Moeen mopped up the tail. Bizarrely, he was the third bowler, after Stokes and Roland-Jones, to take two wickets with successive balls in the innings before eclipsing his team mates to claim his 18th wicket of the series.The game proved just as one-sided as the previous two, with England winning at Lord’s by 211 runs before losing at Trent Bridge by 340 runs.England will have the momentum going into the final test which starts at Manchester on Friday as they eye their first home series win over South Africa since 1998.last_img read more