Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description Aronsohn Constructies ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/909443/scheldehof-residential-care-centre-atelier-pro-architects Clipboard Architects: Atelier PRO architects Area Area of this architecture project General Contractor: “COPY” Area: 18980 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Medical Facilities “COPY” 2017 Scheldehof Residential Care Centre / Atelier PRO architectsSave this projectSaveScheldehof Residential Care Centre / Atelier PRO architects Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/909443/scheldehof-residential-care-centre-atelier-pro-architects Clipboard Scheldehof Residential Care Centre / Atelier PRO architects Project Manager: Photographs: Petra Appelhof, Ronald Tilleman, Jan-Willem Jansen Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Acoustics Consultant: Structural Engineer: Nobel advies Manufacturers: Louis Poulsen, Mitsubishi Electric, Saint-Gobain, VPT Versteeg, Zumtobel, Alcoa, Braat, Brilliance, FEK metaal, KeraStone, Kumij, Vebo, Vlaq Groep, Wood Sensation Morsink en Morsink Photographs DGMR Raadgevende Ingenieurs Products used in this ProjectHanging LampsLouis PoulsenLamp – PH 5 + PH 5 MiniLead Architect:Dorte Kristensen, Christina Kaiser, Thijs KlinkhamerInterior Architect:Thijs KlinkhamerProject Leader:Marjon Main-RoetgerinkTeam:André van Veen, Constanze Knüpling, Emile Jansen, Evelien van Beek, Felix Timmermans, Hamayun Lali, Jannetta Roozendaal, Joke Stolk, Paul Fouchier, Sandrine Rointru, Tomas Mashidlauskas, Wendy Braun-Popma, Wessel ReindersElectrical Services Contractor:Croonwolter&drosInterior Builder:WondergemClient:WVO ZorgCost:€ 25,000,000,-City:VlissingenCountry:The NetherlandsMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Jan-Willem JansenText description provided by the architects. The monumental metal sheet factory on the former shipyard in the heart of Vlissingen, and the adjacent site, have been transformed into a residential care centre. The residential centre has 55 apartments for somatic care, 6 group accommodation units for psychogeriatric residents and 54 care and/or assisted-living apartments. In addition, the ground floor accommodates a public functions restaurant, a training and education room, studios, a hairdresser, a shop, a physiotherapy room, a theatre auditorium and a parking garage.Save this picture!Courtesy of Atelier PRO architectsOpen the existing building The closed facade of the historical building has been opened and partly equipped with glass. The large, heavy doors have been opened and a transparent ‘box’ was added on the ground floor. There are now three storeys with living space. Volumes with apartments hang like individual items of furniture in the enormous space of the Metal Factory.Save this picture!© Ronald TillemanSave this picture!Site planSave this picture!© Ronald TillemanWinter garden in the new building The group accommodation units surround a winter garden in the new building. This group accommodation has been given a layout as close as possible to a ‘normal’ home environment: only after passing through the living room does one enter the sleeping area. All apartments are connected internally with the service functions.Save this picture!Courtesy of Atelier PRO architectsInteriorAtelier PRO has also shaped the interior. The basic principle here was to create a homely and authentic atmosphere and to avoid an institutional character. The industrial shipyard past has been unmistakeably retained in the interior, by leaving visible heavy, originally metal structures.Save this picture!© Ronald TillemanFunctional solutions The apartments are generously proportioned and the facilities ensuring good care have been incorporated very unobtrusively. Patient hoists for use by staff are hidden away in each room and, in the event of a malfunction, maintenance staff do not need to disturb the privacy of the residents. The technical installations are placed inconspicuously behind the panelling in the corridor.Save this picture!© Ronald TillemanDesign for dementiaMuch effort was done to create a home for the disoriented, enabling them to wander around safely in a protected indoor garden and using special materials to stimulate the senses. The apartment layout for residents with dementia intentionally encourages them to leave their homes and to return again safely.Save this picture!© Ronald TillemanFuture-proofThe construction and infrastructure are designed in such a way that the care service functions can be adapted easily in the future. These are homes that can change with the phases of life and that wait for future generations.Save this picture!© Petra AppelhofSocial and spatial landmarkIn the former shipyard area a lively social and spatial landmark has arisen. Despite being located in an area suffering from population decrease, the client, WVO Zorg care service provider, made an effort to develop an environment that appeals to the public by making an attractive place to visit, thus restoring urban livelihood.Project gallerySee allShow lessQuincho los Gauchos / Francisco Cadau Oficina de ArquitecturaSelected ProjectsODA Tapped to Expand Rotterdam’s Historic Post OfficeArchitecture NewsProject locationAddress:Vlissingen, The NetherlandsLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Bouwgroep Peters Services Engineer: The Netherlands Projects Save this picture!© Petra Appelhof+ 26Curated by María Francisca González Share ArchDaily CopyMedical Facilities, Residential Architecture•Vlissingen, The Netherlands CopyAbout this officeAtelier PRO architectsOfficeFollowProductsGlassBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsHealthcare ArchitectureHealthcaremedical facilitiesResidential ArchitectureVlissingenFlesingaThe NetherlandsPublished on January 31, 2019Cite: “Scheldehof Residential Care Centre / Atelier PRO architects” 31 Jan 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Tags: Baseball/Beaver/Boys Soccer/Delta/Diamond Ranch/Gunnison/Juab/Manti/Millard/North Sevier/Panguitch/Richfield/Softball/South Sevier 2-A SouthBeaver 8 Parowan 4Region 14Carbon 17 Juab 11Region 15Manti 16 Emery 1North Sanpete 16 Richfield 1Non-RegionGunnison 10 Delta 0Baseball2-A NorthNorth Sevier 7 Gunnison 22-A SouthBeaver 11 Parowan 4Millard 9 Kanab 0Region 14Juab 12 Delta 2Region 15Emery 7 Manti 2Richfield 12 North Sanpete 4 April 9, 2018 /Sports News – Local Prep Sports Schedule: 4/10 Written by Brad James FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailBoys SoccerRegion 14Delta 6 ALA 4Union 2 Juab 1Region 15Emery 2 Richfield 1Grand 4 South Sevier 0Manti 5 North Sanpete 2Region 18Diamond Ranch 4 Millard 3Beaver 3 Parowan 1Softball
Misano Adriatic: Spanish rider Maverick Viñales of Yamaha snatched pole position from his compatriot Pol Espargaro of KTM ahead of the San Marino MotoGP. Espargaro finished the second qualifying round in the second spot ahead of one of the race favorites, Vinales’ teammate Fabio Quartararo of France on Saturday, reports Efe news.“KTM and Pol Espargaro are denied a historic maiden pole as Vinales takes his first pole since Qatar!” MotoGP posted to Twitter. “I feel really good… I feel good on the bike, I am riding, I am trying to make my best,” Vinales said.The fierce competition between Marc Marquez of Repsol Honda and Yamaha’s Valentino Rossi of Italy in the last Q2 flying lap did not end in favor of either of them. Marquez finished in the fifth spot following Yamaha’s Franco Morbidelli of Italy, while Rossi was placed seventh. IANSAlso Read: Indian tennis ace Sumit Nagal reaches final of Banja Luka ChallengerAlso Watch:Thukubil Satra in Charaideo observed ‘Buka Bhaona’
The 21 Falcons for Ghana 2018Goalkeepers: Tochukwu Oluehi (Rivers Angels); Christy Ohiaeriaku (Confluence Queens); Chiamaka Nnadozie (Rivers Angels)Midfielders: Amarachi Okoronkwo (Nasarawa Amazons); Ngozi Okobi (Eskiltuna UTD, Sweden); Rita Chikwelu (Krstianstand DFF, Sweden); Halimat Ayinde (Asarum AIF, Sweden)Forwards: Anam Imo (Nasarawa Amazons); Rasheedat Ajibade (FC Robo Queens); Asisat Oshoala (Dalian Quanjian, China); Francisca Ordega (Washington Spirit, USA); Desire Oparanozie (En Avant Guingamp, France); Chinaza Uchendu (SC Braga, Portugal); Chinwendu Ihezuo (Biik Kazygurt, Kazakhstan)Defenders: Glory Ogbonna (Ibom Angels); Sarah Nnodim (Nasarawa Amazons); Ngozi Ebere (Barcelona FC, Cyprus); Faith Michael (Pitea IF, Sweden); Onome Ebi (Henan Huisanhang, China); Osinachi Ohale (Vaxjo DFF, Sweden); Josephine Chukwunonye (Asarum AIF, Sweden)Where Next for Ighalo?It is commonplace for big players to dump their clubs after relegation though there are few cases where such players sink with their team. With Odion Ighalo’s Chanchung Yatai club now relegated from the Chinese Super League, Kunle Adewale asks what the fate of the Super Eagles striker would beWhen Fiorentina was relegated to the Italian Serie B in 1993, Argentine super star, Gabriel Bastituta sank with the club and helped return it to Serie A the following season. He became an icon in Florence and Florentina fans erected his life-size bronze statue in the stadium in recognition of his contribution.One of Italy’s best goalkeepers of all time, Gigi Buffon did not dump Turin giants, Juventus when they were relegated in the 2006-07 season, in spite of his teammates leaving for greener pastures during Juve’s trying period. He rather stayed and helped the club gain promotion to the elite division the following season.However, in spite of Ighalo breaking the Chinese Super League goal record, scoring 23 goals in the just concluded season, he could not save Chanchung Yatai from being relegated. The big question on the lips of observers is if the Super Eagles striker would go down with the club or go in search of another club.The large chunk of revenue of most clubs come from television rights, which is not attractive for clubs in the lower divisions and therefore may not be able to afford the wage bills of their big players. This raises the question whether Chanchung Yatai would still be able to afford the huge wage bill of Ighalo.Chanchung Yatai dropped to the second tier of football in China after they lost 2-0 to Dalian Yifang away from home. Ighalo was unable to feature in the encounter as he suffered a serious injury in their last fixture against Tianjin Quanjin on November 7.Chanchung Yatai could not depend on their reliable striker who has 23 goals this season in the league.The result meant that Ighalo’s Chanchung Yatai stayed on 32 points but his national teammate, Mikel Obi’s Tianjin TEDA which also lost 5-1 to Guangzhou Evergrande and with the same number of points with Chanchung Yatai but Mikel’s side scaled through in 14th position with a superior goal difference.Ighalo put aside his disappointing performance for Nigeria at the World Cup in Russia to emerge the all-time leading scorer for Changchun Yatai with 23 goals to overtake the previous record of 22 goals set by Marcelo Moreno at the club.Ighalo was roundly criticised for his inability to convert begging chances for Super Eagles in Nigeria’s last Group D crucial game against Argentina at the St Petersburg Stadium.After Victor Moses cancelled out Lionel Messi’s early lead through a penalty, Ighalo lost a clear chance to bury the game with a sitter but wasted the opportunity before Marcos Rojo snatched the winning goal that sent the South American nation through to the Last 16.But on returning to his club in the Chinese Super League, the former Watford marksman put that Russia 2018 debacle behind him to focus on helping his club earn respect in the league.The Eagles striker has been an instant hit in China since joining in January 2017, scoring 15 in his debut and only last April, Ighalo had equaled Moreno’s record, when he scored twice to down then leaders Shanghai SIPG, a feat that earned him the Player of the Month in China.His f orm however propelled Nigeria’s German-born tactician, Gernot Rohr to stick to the China based forward and he justified the trust Rohr reposed on him by scoring six goals in three matches of the 2018 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier to put the country in good stead at playing in the biennial competition.“We had gained the confidence to bring Ighalo. I think today he has given the answer. It is wonderful to see him score these goals,” the German said after the game against Libya.Speaking after the Super Eagles thrashed Libya 4-0, Rohr said: “It is wonderful to see him score these goals. The positives I take from this game is the team scoring four goals because it is not easy to do that. Secondly, it is the comeback of Ighalo. I am very happy about it because he has been criticised in the social media which went beyond any human endurance limit.“So, I am very happy that he has given them the answer on the pitch. He proved that he is a great player and confirmed the confidence I have in him.”It however remains to be seen if Ighalo would remain with his Chinese club or try his luck elsewhere.Ighalo was born on June 16, 1989. He started his career at Prime FC and later moved to Julius Berger and in 2007, he moved to Lyn in Norway. A year after, was signed by Udineze of Italy but was loaned out to Granada in Spain, before signing for Watford in 2014.Last year, he moved to Changchun Yatai in China for a fee of £20m.In March 2015, after a series of strong performances for Watford, the then newly appointed Super Eagles interim coach, Daniel Amokachi invited Ighalo to the senior national, and he said then, “I feel good because it is my dream to play for my country”.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Head Coach, Thomas Dennerby, is optimistic of Super Falcons’ victory against Bayana Bayana of South Africa.“Of course as a head coach, you are always under pressure, and when you are the head coach of a big football country like Nigeria, you are always under pressure. But honestly, I have been in this business for long and it’s good for me, so I am not so worried about that.“But the expectation for the tournament, of course, we always go to a tournament to try to win it. But I also know because I saw the games from the last tournament that other teams from Africa are really good and I think from the last game that Cameroon was better than Nigeria; also South Africa played a very tough game against the Falcons. I know there are a lot of good teams hunting us. Anyway, in the end, we need to be one of the three best teams so that we qualify for the World Cup. If we don’t do that, it is not good at all. We really need to go to the World Cup,” Dennerby said.Dennerby who revealed that he had sleepless nights before picking his final 21-woman Nigeria squad for the 2018 Africa Women’s Cup of Nations in Ghana, said his squad was a mix of experience and youth. He expressed confidence in the selected players to do the country proud.“I think that we really have a good mix of experienced players and younger players with good spirit. We also have a really good squad if you look at the skills or players. We have players with very high speed and playing vision and game reading and strong players. It was good to finally pick the final 21-player squad. The last night before always picking the squad is always a sleepless night,” Dennerby told Goal.com.“It was tough because we have a lot of good footballers and for the coach; it is good when it is really tough. It is always tougher for the coaching staff to make the decision pick the squad,” the 59-year-old said.Meanwhile, Captain of Bayana Bayana, Janine van Wyk said a win against perennial rivals, Nigeria in their opening game on Sunday can help propel the team to a positive outing at the tournament.“First game is really crucial for us, it is a game between rivals, but I think in the past we have been slow starters in tournaments and we need to change that, and go with the perspective of attacking from the onset,” Van Wyk told the South Africa Football Association official website.“We just need to go out there and not show any fear, most of us here in the squad are highly experienced and we have played them numerous times, we must just go for it.”Aside from Nigeria, Bayana Bayana will also face the Shepolopolo of Zambia and Harambee Starlets of Kenya in Group B and Van Wyk described the draw as interesting.“It is a very interesting draw for us if we were in either group it would be considered as a tough group. Women’s football in Africa is developing enormously, there are no more easy teams that we will be facing now,” she added.“I think it is a tough group we are in, and we are looking forward to competing in the tournament.“These are all great opponents we have played and faced before, they never give us an easy run so we need to prepare well for every team because they are all different.”Host Ghana will kick off the competition today as they host Algeria, while Mali and Cameroon would slug it out in the Group A second game.The first three teams will book a place to next year’s FIFA Women’s World Cup in France. Defending champions, the Super Falcons of Nigeria will tomorrow in Accra, Ghana, start the defence of African Women Cup of Nations title against Bayana Bayana of South Africa in the opening Group B game of the 2018 AWCON at the Cape Coast StadiumAfter a week of intensive training in Cote ‘d Ivoire, the Falcons are ready for thedefence of the title they won in Cameroon and also pick the ticket to the 2019 FIFA Women World Cup billed for France.The Super Falcons will be searching for their 9th title in Ghana, after winning their eight in Cameroon in 2016.
With one match left to play in Gameweek 8, 148 goals have been scored so far this season in the Ghana Premier League.Aduana Stars’ Yahaya Mohammed and Inter Allies’ Victorien Adebayor, who head the top scorers’ table have scored a tenth of that number.Mohammed scored one more in Aduana’s 3-1 loss to Ebusua Dwarfs while Adebayor grabbed a brace as Allies thrashed Eleven Wonders.The top three goalscorers in the league – Mohammed, Adebayor and Prince Kwabena Adu – have scored about 14% of the goals in the league.In contrast, the next seven top scorers have bagged 18% of the league’s goals so far.While the number from the top three, in itself, impressive, it is the contributions they have made to their sides that are mind-blowing.Victorien AdebayorYahaya Mohammed, who has netted eight goals so far this season has scored all but four of Aduana’s total tally.That comes up to 67% of Aduana’s goals this season.Inter Allies, on the other hand, have found the net 13 times so far, which means captain Victorien Adebayor’s seven strikes constitute 54% of their total.Bechem United’s Prince Kwabena Adu, who is next on the list, has six of his side’s nine goals, a percentage of 67% as well.Completing the top five are Prince Opoku Agyemang who has half of Medeama’s 10 goals and Ibrahim Osman (five goals) who has scored 45% of his team’s 11 goals. Mohammed Yahaya (Aduana Stars FC) – 8Victorien Adebayor (Inter Allies FC) – 7Prince Kwabena Adu (Bechem United FC) – 6Prince Opoku Agyemang (Medeama SC) – 5Ibrahim Osman (King Faisal) – 5 Top Goalscorers
PORT-OF-SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC):Captain of Barbados Tridents, Kieron Pollard, says his team lost the Caribbean Premier League title because of inconsistency at the back end of tournament.In the final at the Queen’s Park Oval on Sunday, Trinidad and Tobago Red Steel dethroned Barbados Tridents with a clinical all-round performance to win by 20 runs.”It was a good season,” declared Pollard.”It was a bit up and down in the back end, but it is T20 cricket and the Red Steel had momentum coming down to the back end of the tournament, and they ran with it.”Opting to bat first, Red Steel were propelled by Pakistani Kamran Akmal, who top-scored with 60, while South African opener Cameron Delport hit 50 – the pair putting on 102 for the second wicket.In reply, the Tridents fell from a good position of 82 for one as the run rate climbed leaving them needing 26 off the last over.”I just thought with our bowling effort, we wantedto restrict them to around150-160. Their final score of 178, I think, was 20 runs too much, but having said that, we had a brilliant start,” said the Tridents’ skipper.”We got 60-odd in the first ten overs, but I think we lost it in the back ten. One of the guys from the top order needed to bat all the way through to the end and we did not have that, and we paid the price in the end.”The Red Steel were almost unstoppable at home, winning six of seven at the Queen’s Park Oval and six of their last eight matches overall to clinch the CPL title for the first time.
(Visited 38 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 As scientists continue to find incredible diversity in the smallest of organisms, realizations of all we’ve been missing are changing conceptions of life.Microbes: they live in and on us, and all around us – in the soil, in the air, and deep in the earth and seas. “How many microbes are hiding among us?” Science Magazine asks. It’s been hard to know, because most cannot be cultured in the lab. New sequencing technologies are starting to shed light on the “dark matter” of the living world, as EurekAlert termed it in a Department of Energy press release reprinted by Astrobiology Magazine. Eddy Rubin, leading a discovery initiative for the DOE, likens it to a new Lewis and Clark Expedition into unexplored territory.“Microbes are the most abundant and diverse forms of life on Earth,” said Tanja Woyke, DOE JGI Microbial Program Head and senior author on the Nature publication. “They occupy every conceivable environmental niche from the extreme depths of the oceans to the driest of deserts. However, our knowledge about their habits and potential benefits has been hindered by the fact that the vast majority of these have not yet been cultivated in the laboratory. So we have only recently become aware of their roles in various ecosystems through cultivation-independent methods, such as metagenomics and single-cell genomics. What we are now discovering are unexpected metabolic features that extend our understanding of biology and challenge established boundaries between the domains of life.”One of the boundaries being challenged is the distinction between viruses and microbes. When you find a virus so large it contains more genetic material than some eukaryotes, how do you classify it? Elizabeth Pennisi writes for Science Magazine,“It’s like finding a sasquatch,” says Elodie Ghedin, a virologist at the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. That’s one of the amazed reactions to the discovery, reported on page 281, of two new viruses with by far the largest genomes ever seen in a virus, including one that’s bigger than the genomes of some parasitic eukaryotes. The virologists in France who unearthed the massive viruses—the biggest one is 1 micron long, a hundred times the size of many viruses—suggest that their finds challenge the longstanding view that viruses don’t qualify as life.“It is clear that the paradigm that viruses have small genomes and are relatively simple in comparison to cellular life has been overturned,” says Curtis Suttle, a virologist at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. The genome of one of the viruses is 1.91 million DNA bases long, while the other runs 2.47 million bases. That dwarfs some bacterial genomes and edges into the eukaryotic realm….This means that the division of life into archaea, bacteria and eukaryotes may be up for revision again. Efforts to sequence genomes of unknown microbes so far have only been a drop in the bucket, there’s so much more out there to discover.Another thing this means is that our planet is awash in coded genetic information. From the bottom of the sea to the edge of space, Planet Earth is the information planet! No other place we know has instructional code to build organisms that function with respiration, digestion, reproduction and all the other functional systems that separate life from nonlife, but Earth has it in super-abundance.Creationists and intelligent design advocates would expect our Privileged Planet to be the Information Planet – and so it is. Functional information, possessing purpose, complexity, and integration, does not emerge from rocks. It is the organization of the raw materials into information that sets it apart from everything else we know in the universe. Creationists would also expect the information to be organized into a system with hierarchical organization, networks and functional interactions from the micro to the planetary scale – and so that is, too. The information in viruses is part of that system. Most viruses are beneficial; the few that are “virulent” are products of the curse due to sin, Biblical creationists believe.Ariel Anbar might try to make “the case for alien life” (Arizona State press release) but it is illogical to extrapolate a position from one instance. “Is life a universal phenomenon, a planetary process just like plate tectonics?” Anbar asks. “Or is life some weird statistical fluke?” That’s a false dichotomy. From our universal experience with intelligent causes, we can deduce – whether alien life is discovered or not – that life is the product of an intelligent cause. From other signposts we can narrow down the nature and identity of that Cause. Hint: it is not a blind, aimless process of natural selection. Follow the evidence where it leads, instead of the imagination of Creator-deniers.
The British government has postponed all flights from Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt after it received intelligence that the Metrojet Flight 9268 may have been brought down by a small bomb.As a result about 15,000 mainly British holidaymakers are stuck in the Red Sea resort as security experts from the UK conduct checks of the airport.A spokesman for the British Prime Minister David Cameron said that “while the investigation is still ongoing we cannot say categorically why the Russian jet crashed.”“But as more information has come to light we have become concerned that the plane may well have been brought down by an explosive device.’’It now appears that the Royal Air Force may be called in to airlift passengers out.The Metrojet Airbus A321, was operating Flight 7K-9268 from Sharm el Sheikh to St. Petersburg (Russia) and crashed on Saturday October 31 killing all 224 on board.The black boxes of the A321 have been recovered but the cockpit voice recorder is badly damaged.Other possible causes many be a structural failure associated with tail strike the plane suffered in 2001 or an engine explosion.Investigators have all but ruled out pilot error.
With a total of 31 352 full-time equivalent (FTE) R&D personnel, there is a marginal growth to an already small quantity. This category comprises researchers, technicians and other support staff. South Africa spent just over R18.6-billion on research and development (R&D) in 2007/8, which represents an increase of R2.1-billion of the gross expenditure on R&D compared to R16.5-billion in 2006/7. “South Africa is amongst the countries with the highest proportion of women researchers,” the department noted. 10 December 2009 “This observation needs to be carefully analysed to identify any emerging trends and to inform appropriate policy responses, especially if the country is to attain the target of one percent of GDP by 2008/09,” the Department of Science and Technology said in a statement last week. Indication of competitiveness Other such countries are Korea with 3.47%, Japan with 3.44% and the United States of America with 2.68%. This survey was carried out according to the guidelines provided by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Frascati Manual and in consultation with Statistics South Africa and international experts in the field. This is according to the latest national survey of R&D activities undertaken by the Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (CeSTII) of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). “About 10.7% of South Africa’s R&D is financed from abroad,” the department pointed out. Researchers, technicians, support staff Country comparisons Much like with the previous surveys, most R&D in South Africa is performed in the research field of the engineering sciences, which accounts for 22.5% of the total R&D, followed by the natural sciences with 20.4% and the medical and health sciences and ICTs, both at 14%. The proportion of business sector R&D has grown from 55.9% to 57.7%, and is still the major performer of R&D in the country. The government, which includes the science councils, performs 21.7% of the total R&D, followed by the higher education sector with 19.4% and the non-profit sector with 1.2%. During 2007, the South African economy performed favourably, attaining a GDP growth rate of around 5%. Clearly, the results indicate that investment in R&D grew much slower than gross domestic product (GDP). Increased expenditure on R&D in relation to GDP is a good indication of the competitiveness of a country’s economy. About 40.3% of the total researchers in South Africa are women, comparing favourably with countries such as Japan (13.0%) and Norway (33.3%). In developing countries Argentina leads the way with 51.5% women researchers. “In comparison with other middle and lower-middle income countries, South Africa spends proportionately more on R&D than Argentina (0.51%) and India (0.80%) but less than China (1.49%) and the Russian Federation (1.12%),” the department said. The European Union has set a goal of achieving an average R&D expenditure of 3% of GDP by the year 2010. In 2007, the average for the 27 European Union member states was 1.77%. Highly competitive countries are found to spend more on R&D: with the R&D spending of 3.6% of GDP in 2006, Sweden is amongst the highest of the OECD member countries with high R&D intensity. About 62% of these personnel comprise the 19 320 FTE researchers or academically qualified people who perform, manage and guide the process of undertaking research that leads to new knowledge and novel research findings. This number has grown by four percent from 18 527 in 2006/07. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
24 January 2014Cape Town is gearing up to take full advantage of its status as World Design Capital in 2014. With more than 450 officially recognised projects and hundreds of open events, it’s going to be a busy year for the city’s residents. But what does the title mean for the city, a victim of old-style apartheid urban planning and one marked by historical divides?What is World Design Capital?Every two years, the International Council of Societies of Industrial Design (ICSID) selects a World Design Capital in recognition of a city’s efforts to use design for social, cultural and economic development.It is not a conventional design competition, but rather about design in its broadest sense, and about designing better cities for people.The title gives Cape Town a chance to showcase its achievements and aspirations through a year-long programme of design-led events and activities.“A World Design Capital is not a status designator, rather a state of being,” the ICSID judges say. “It is defined by the commitment that a city has made to use design to reinvent itself. Sustainable results or a commitment to develop the city are visible and a changing attitude is detectable.”Previous “title holders” are Turin (2008), Seoul (2010) and Helsinki (2012).The ICSID is an international non-governmental organisation established in 1957 that aims to protect and promote the profession of industrial design.Why did Cape Town win?Cape Town won the 2014 bid against fierce competition from rival shortlisted cities, Bilbao and Dublin. It is the first African city to do so.In its favour was that the city’s bid was not about Cape Town claiming that it was already an established design capital, but instead acknowledged that it is using “design thinking” as a tool for transformation.The city’s theme – “Live Design. Transform Life” – focuses on the role that design can play in social transformation in the city. Cape Town has considerable design resources that can be directed towards addressing the legacies of the city’s apartheid past, especially at dealing with the vast imbalances that exist in the society.Projects included are those that bridge historic divides, reconnect the city in structure and in spirit, rebuild social and economic inclusion, and reposition Cape Town for a sustainable future.“Design needs humanity: it needs to offer real solutions for real problems,” Martin Darbyshire of the ICSID said. “Cape Town has demonstrated a deep understanding of this in its in bid by using the World Design Capital to change the legacy of design in its city. Social transformation precedes economic transformation and Cape Town put design in the centre of the solution for social transformation.”Who is Cape Town Design?The City of Cape Town won the honour for 2014, and established Cape Town Design (CTD), a not-for-profit, independent implementing agency.Cape Town Design is governed by an inclusive board made up of members from local and national government, key tertiary educational institutions, creative organisations within Cape Town and independent leaders in the broader design community.The city is providing funding through a three-year grant to implement, run and wind down the 2014 programme. CTD has been tasked with raising additional funds through various private channels.What does it all mean for Cape Town?World Design Capital forms part of a broader vision to transform Cape Town – through design – into a sustainable, productive African city, bridging historic divides and building social and economic inclusion.Cape Town will use the opportunity to identify, nurture and promote projects that offer tangible evidence of how design can improve lives.As the first African city to be selected as World Design Capital, Cape Town will be a focal point for the international design community in 2014. It will use the spotlight to highlight the creativity of the city, country and continent through a year-long programme of events and projects.The city will play host to a number of World Design Capital signature events during the year, including an international design exhibition, a design policy conference, and a design gala.This will not only boost visitor numbers to the city, but will also create opportunities for the city’s creative community to get involved as exhibitors, speakers delegates, partners and suppliers.World Design Capital 2014 will help reposition the Mother City as far more than a city of beauty and leisure tourism, but as a global innovator in socially transformative design.“Now, in a milestone year when South Africa celebrates 20 years of democracy, Cape Town will become a proactive case study in using design-enabled thinking and practices to achieve a sustainable, inclusive and more liveable African city,” Cape Town Design says. “It will nurture designs that bridge historic divides, reconnect the city in structure and spirit, rebuild social and economic inclusion and reposition Cape Town for a better future.”What can I look forward to?By getting the city’s communities excited by and involved in the potential of World Design Capital 2014, creativity and design can be used to address and solve every day problems.The City of Cape Town itself is also embedding design thinking into its organisational structures to plan for an increasingly urban future.A dynamic programme of projects, activities and events has been put together under the theme, “Live Design. Transform Life”.The programme has been divided into seven “clusters”: community upliftment, sustainability, education, lifestyle, business, transport and social cohesion.Around 460 projects and initiatives have been selected to be part of the official programme.On the web: www.wdccapetown2014.comOn Twitter: @WDC2014, #WDC201On Facebook: www.facebook.com/WDC2014SAinfo reporter. Sources: World Design Capital Cape Town 2014 and City of Cape Town